The Israeli government has ordered thousands of African refugees and migrants to leave the country within three months or face prison.
The Population and Immigration Authority called this week on those from Sudan and Eritrea to leave “to their country or to a third country”, meaning Rwanda or Uganda.
Those who leave by the end of March will be given $3,500 (£2,600), along with money to cover their airfare. But those who do not have been threatened with imprisonment.
Children, the elderly and victims of human trafficking are exempt from the action.
Campaign group the Hotline for Migrant Workers condemned the move, saying expulsions “put the refugees’ lives in danger”.
Thousands of Africans crossed from Egypt into Israel before it erected a fence along the border.
Israel calls them “infiltrators” and says they are mostly economic migrants whose numbers threaten its Jewish character.
But many of the roughly 38,000 “infiltrators” in the country have fled conflict and persecution.
Israel’s Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, has previously rejected claims that those coming from countries including Rwanda and Uganda are asylum seekers.
“We will return south Tel Aviv to the citizens of Israel, they are not refugees, but infiltrators looking for work,” he said in August.