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FG’s RUGA settlement plan, unconstitutional, a call for anarchy–Ohanaeze

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Senator Iroegbu 

The Igbo apex socio-cultural organisation has warned that the proposed RUGA settlement for herdsmen by the Federal Government in the State is not only unconstitutional but a calm for anarchy and doom.

This was contained in a terse statement on Wednesday by the President General Ohaneze Ndigbo Worldwide, Nnia Nwodo,  calling on the Federal desist from implementing the controversial programme.

Nwodo also backed the stance by the Benue State Government to reject RUGA settlement for herdsmen, saying that it violated the constitution and laws made by the State government.

He said: “The Federal government violation of provisions of our constitution on the administrative of land in Nigeria, its total violation of valid laws made by Benue State Government in accordance with her inherent powers under our constitution and its violations of extant court judgment on grazing and ranching is a clear pointer to anarchy. 

“When respect for the rule of law is jettisoned, and sheer power, religious bigotry and nepotism displayed, an inevitable resort to self help and anarchy is being courted. Our country is sliding into avoidable anarchy and doom.”

The “Ruga Settlements” is an initiative of the National Economic Council (NEC) presented under the National Livestock Transformation Plan (2018-2027), reportedly conceptualized to permanently halt the age-long herders-farmers crises and to massively develop the livestock industry.

According to the Permanent Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Alh. Mohammadu Umar, who spoke during an interview with journalists in Abuja at the workshop on Regional Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and associated legislations in West Africa “the Federal Government of  Nigeria is experimenting it for herdsmen in 12 pilot states nationwide”. 

But Benue State government, which is one of the stipulated 12 pilot states, had in a statement on Tuesday signed by the Chief Press Secretary (CPS) to the governor Terver Akase, decried the action of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, which it said was attempting to subvert the right of a State to make laws for the governance of their people

The statement read: “It has become necessary to make the position of the government and people of Benue State abundantly clear on the Ruga settlements for herdsmen being implemented by the Federal Government across the states including Benue.

“A few weeks ago, the Director, Federal Ministry of Agriculture with his team in Benue State informed officials of the State Ministry of Agriculture that he had received directives from the Ministry’s headquarters Abuja to establish Ruga which means ‘Fulani settlement’ in parts of the State.”

The Director stated that the local government areas selected for the Ruga settlements were Otukpo, Tarka and Ukum.

The Permanent Secretary, Benue State Ministry of Agriculture drew the attention of the Director and his team to the Open Grazing Prohibition and Ranches Establishment Law 2017 being implemented in the state. When they were also reminded about the Land Use Act which confers on the Governor the powers to administer lands in all parts of the State, officials of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture left with a promise to relay the message to their headquarters.

“They surprisingly returned a few days later with contractors to commence work on the Ruga settlements.

“We find the approach of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture not only as a gross violation of the Ranching law but also as an insult to the sensibilities of the entire people of Benue State.

“The people and government of Benue State rejected cattle colonies and still reject the policy in whichever robes it is disguised.

“Governor Samuel Ortom made the stand of Benue State known during the unveiling of the Livestock Development Programme in Abuja last year. He stressed that the State would embrace the policy only if it supports implementation of the Open Grazing Prohibition and Ranches Establishment Law 2017.

“The Governor also insisted that Benue State has no land for open grazing of cattle and he restated ranching as a lasting solution to the incessant herders and farmers crisis which the country ought to embrace.

“Governor Ortom made similar presentations at different fora to buttress why open grazing of livestock is not feasible in a densely populated country with over 200 million people

“During the National Council on Agriculture summit which took place in Owerri, Imo State in April this year, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture attempted to impose Ruga settlement patterns on the states but the Benue State delegation seized the opportunity to remind the summit that Benue State has a law on ranching which has phased out open grazing. No one at the summit put forth an alternative method of animal husbandry to counter the state’s presentation.

“It would also be recalled that the National Economic Council, NEC, had also unanimously adopted ranching as the best method of livestock breeding for the country. It is therefore shocking to see the Federal Government turning round to establish Fulani herdsmen settlements in some states including Benue, contrary to the position of NEC.

“We wish to remind those pushing for Ruga settlements that the Constitution of the country gives states the right to make laws for the governance of their people. Any attempt to subvert such right is a direct attack on the Constitution. Those behind such a move are enemies of peace and progress.

“The Government of Benue State is willing to support cattle owners to establish ranches as stipulated by the law prohibiting open grazing.

“We, however, wish to reiterate that Benue State has no land for grazing reserves, grazing routes, cattle colonies or ruga settlements.”

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