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US military edge has eroded to ‘a dangerous degree,’ study for Congress finds

•As China’s military grows, Pentagon says U.S. forces ‘atrophied’ •China is rapidly modernizing its forces in an attempt to match the US might in Asia Paul Sonne and Shane Harris The United States has lost its military edge to a dangerous degree and could potentially lose a war against China or Russia, according

Why teaching World War 1 is crucial in 2018

On Sunday, we marked the centennial of the end of World War I. Many history teachers in 2018, however, may be tempted to bow to student preferences and rush through the “Great War,” devoting more time to World War II. This would be a mistake. While the Second World War

Why peacemaking is now more complicated than ever

•The Paris Peace Forum shows why   Richard Gowan Peace is complicated. That is the overriding, if unintended, message of this week’s Paris Peace Forum, a new multilateral conclave initiated by the French government to commemorate the end of World War I. The organizers claim that the event is based on the “simple idea” that “international cooperation

China expands its peace and security footprint in Africa

•At the 2018 Forum on China-Africa Cooperation and China-Africa Defence and Security Forum, Beijing showcased an increasingly strategic approach to its defence relations with African countries and its role in managing challenges to peace and security on the continent. Download: 24oct18-china-expands-its-peace-and-security   Michael Kovrig China’s growing engagement with African countries got a publicity boost

Back from the Dead: Chilling account of journalist caught in Kaduna violence

I was killed by crazy fanatics but resurrected by God Temitope Mustapha Editor's note: Temitope Mustapha, a journalist with the Voice of Nigeria (VON) Abuja, recounts her ordeal in the crosshairs of the Kaduna mayhem in which about 90 people were allegedly killed. She was on her way to Kano to attend a

Can violent extremism be prevented?

•Despite significant financial investment, expectations about what can be achieved have been tempered by global realities.   Cheryl Frank, Allan Ngari, Isel van Zyl and Jacqueline Cochrane     Can the global community prevent violent extremism? Is the violence associated with terrorism different from other forms of violence, and in what ways? Although the UN’s

Policing: Army’s meddlesome internal security role fuels insurgency-2018–Intersociety

Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chidinma Udegbunam and Obianuju Igboeli Editor's note: The International Society for Civil Liberties and Rule of Law (Intersociety), has warned that the constant intervention and involvement of Nigerian Army in the policing of internal security challenges is a potential recruitment factor for insurgency in the country. The Nigerian Army is

US increases support for W/African force fighting jihadists

 Alonso Soto Assistance pledged for G5 Sahel unit increased to $111 million Incidents of extremist violence in Sahel tripled in past year   The US almost doubled its pledge for the financial support of a West African force that began deploying last year to fight a surge in Islamist militant attacks. Assistance to

Year of the Debacle’: How Nigeria Lost its way in the war against Boko Haram

Obi Anyadike Lirfa Dashe, a lieutenant in the Nigerian army, was due to get married this month. Instead he is buried in the cemetery of Mai Malari barracks, alongside other soldiers killed in the seemingly endless conflict against the jihadist insurgency of Boko Haram. At the entrance to the cemetery, located in

Four Nigerians who made top 20 ‘Women Leaders of the World’

Editor's note: Four Nigerian Women are among the top 20, selected globally for the highly rated leadership fellowship in the US, meaning that Nigeria has the highest slots with immense benefits. With access to over 8,000 professional women networks across the world, the four beneficiaries narrated their experiences and some